Vol 3 Section 0555

1901                                                                            499

that there are no private citizens in a republic. Every man is an official; above all, he is a policeman. He does not need to wear a helmet and brass buttons, but his duty is to look after the enforcement of the laws.

“If patriotism had been taught in the schools years ago the country would not be in the position it is in today. Mr. Skinner is better satisfied with the present conditions than I am. I would teach patriotism in the schools, and teach it this way: I would throw out the old maxim, ‘My country, right or wrong,’ &c., instead I would say, ‘My country when she is right.’

“I would not take my patriotism from my neighbor or from Congress. I should teach the children in the schools that there are certain ideals, and one of them is that all men are created free and equal. Another that the proper government is that which exists by the consent of the governed. If Mr. Skinner and I had to take care of the public schools I would raise up a lot of patriots who would get into trouble with his.

“I should also teach the rising patriot that if he ever became the Government of the United States and made a promise that he should keep it. I will not go any further into politics as I would get excited, and I don’t like to get excited. I prefer to remain calm. I have been a teacher all my life, and never got a cent for teaching.”

The speaker then cited some incidents from his boyhood life which, he said, he had later incorporated in his books. The fence whitewashing incident in “Tom Sawyer,” he said, brought him in S4,000 in the end, when he never expected to get anything for teaching the other boys how to whitewash way back in 1849.

“I have a benevolent faculty,” continued the speaker. “It does not always show, but it is there. We have had some millionaires who gave money to colleges. Now we have Mr. Carnegie building sixty-five new libraries. There is an educator for you on a large scale. I was going to do it myself, but when I found out it would cost over five millions I changed my mind, as I was afraid it would bankrupt me.

“When I found out Mr. Carnegie was going to do it, I told him he could have my ideas gratis. I said to him, ‘Are the books that are going to be put into the new libraries on a high moral plane?’ If they are not, I told him he had better build the libraries and I would write the books. With the wealth I would get out of writing the books, I could build libraries and then he could write books.

“I am glad that Mr. Carnegie has done this magnificent thing, and as the newspapers have suggested, I hope that other rich men will follow his example and continue to do so until it becomes a habit they cannot break.”

Among the other speakers were Sydney C. Walmsley, Dr. Myron T. Scudder, and Magnus Gross.

Harper’s Weekly ran an affectionate poem in Negro dialect by “Uncle Ephe”: “To Mark Twain: A Southern Tribute” on p. 301 [Tenney 34].

March 17 SundaySam’s notebook: “Possibly Mr. Bartholomew” [NB 44 TS 7].

March 18 MondaySam’s notebook: “11, Stenographer. Conway & Harrison, 6.30. Century Club 7 W. 43d

[NB 44 TS 7].

At 1410 W. 10th in N.Y.C., Sam wrote a short paragraph to Frank Bliss that he expected the American Publishing Co. to continue to add works to his 22 volumes in the Uniform Edition as they were written and published elsewhere [MTP].

Sam also wrote to M.A. DeWolfe Howe in Boston, who evidently had written asking him to write a sketch of the late Artemus Ward. Sam remembered their “pleasant conversation at the Tavern Club and also the happy verses,” but what with three years’ work in front of him he was unable to do the sketch. He thanked Howe for unspecified books, and noted by the list that they were the kind that “furnish just the sort of reading” he was fond of. He speculated that the books had gone to Hartford and since he wanted to go there himself “by and by” he would receive them there [MTP]. Note: See Mar. 18, 1885 for info on the Tavern Club.

Sam also wrote to Albert Sonnichsen (1855-1931) in N.Y.C., thanking him for his book and adding: “Your book goes far to persuade me that the infusion of bastard and un-American civilization which we have injected into the

SLC used mourning border for most letters from Susy’s death on, then from Livy’s death on.