Vol 3 Section 0369

1900                                                                            319

Sam wrote the manuscript, “Scraps from my Autobiography. From Chapter IX” in London in 1900. The piece started in 1849, when Sam was 14 in Hannibal. The new “authoritative” edition of Autobiography of Mark Twain offers this account: “He later asked his daughter Jean to type it, probably in 1902, and then lightly revised her typescript. … Paine misdated the manuscript 1898 and published it as “Playing ‘Bear’—Herrings—Jim Wolf and the Cats,” censoring it in his usual manner (MTA 1:125-43)” [AMT 1: 155]. Note: see source for examples of Paine’s changes.

Sometime in 1900 Sam wrote “The Private History of a Manuscript That Came to Grief,” an account of the editing done on his Introduction for T. Douglas Murray’s English translation of Joan of Arc’s trial records (Jeanne d’Arc, Maid of Orleans, Deliverer of France, etc.). Paine included the first and last sections of “The Private History” (MTA 1: 175-89), Which omitted the middle section, the “Edited Introduction” that Sam received back from Murray. It is published for the first time in 2010 [AMT 1:164]. Note: on Aug. 25, 1899 Sam wrote Murray that he wrote the Introduction “a week or ten days ago.” Sam sent the MS with corrections on Jan. 31, 1900, and corresponded with Murray on May 2, 1900. The unsent letter criticizing Murray’s editing of his Introduction was dated Aug. 27, 1900.

James B. Pond’s book, Eccentricities of Genius was published by the G.W. Dillingham Co. and included a section about Mark Twain, p.197-233. Tenney: “(preceded by portrait), and passim. Extensive account of MT on lecture tours, but very little on his actual lecturing” [33]. Note: see Gribben 553.

Augustus J.C. Hare’s The Story of My Life (6 vols. London 1900), p.281-3 includes a brief account of Mark Twain as “a wiry, thin old man, with abundant grey hair, like an Italian zazzara.” Tenney: “Also recounts MT’s stories about his man George [Griffin], who bet on revivals, later on horse races, and said he had fifteen hundred dollars between his mattresses” [Tenney: “A Reference Guide First Annual Supplement,” American Literary Realism, Autumn 1977 p. 332].

Thomas Edgar Pemberton’s book Bret Harte: A Treatise and a Tribute (London 1900). Tenney: “On 48-52, briefly and vaguely describes MT’s early association with Harte on The Golden Era. The source is given as Harte himself, without details” [MTJ Bibliographic Issue Number Four 42:1 (Spring 2004) p.8].

Walter C. Bronson’s textbook, A Short History of American Literature, Designed Primarily for Use in Schools and Colleges p.286-7, contained a section on Mark Twain. Tenney: “Calls MT ‘the greatest writer of the West,’ noting both his vigor in books dealing with the Mississippi, and in another group of ‘his better works…an historical imagination and a finish of manner hardly to be expected in the author of the rougher books….Time will winnow much chaff from his pages, but much of great merit will remain’” [32].

Wilfred R. Hollister and Harry Norman’s book, Five Famous Missourians (Kansas City). Tenney: “On MT, pp. 7-85; basically biographical. ‘The data relating to the subjects has been furnished the authors almost entirely by members of the families and personal friends of the subjects, and has been authenticated by reference to them, in order that apocryphal matter might not be used’ (Preface, p.3) . Contains anecdotes of MT’s early years, some of which may be useful; refers to Pamela Clemens as ‘Parmelia’ (pp. 13, 29)” [33].

Matthew Irving Lans wrote “Biographical Sketch” in English As She Is Taught, by Mark Twain (Boston: Mutual Book Co.; p iii-v). Tenney: “A brief review of the salient events in MT’s life as they were generally known at the time” [33].

Booker T. Washington, in his 1900 book Up from Slavery: An Autobiography reported on p. 284 of his first meeting Mark Twain at a reception given by Ambassador Choate in 1899 [Tenney 33]. This would have been the July 4, 1899 celebration. See entry.

SLC used mourning border for most letters from Susy’s death on, then from Livy’s death on.