Vol 3 Section 0154

110                                                                        1897

as well as myopic, according to her niece, the British actress Nora Wydenbruck, who thought “her short-sightedness added to her charm” since, like most ladies of fashion then, she disdained eyeglasses. Her social status was owed in no small degree to having been born an Esterházy, among the richest, most powerful families of the Austro-Hungarian nobility [133-4]. (Editorial emphasis.)

F. Kaplan writes:

“Twain soon began attending the Esterhayzy-Metternich salon, an elite stage for charity performances and reputation-making, where he met [Gustav] Mahler, August Strindberg, Erich Korngold, and Bruno Walter” [558]. Note: the Countess was a patron of these and other leading musicians.

“A Riot in the Vienna Parliament” by Mark Twain ran in the New York World [Camfield, bibliog.].

November 30 Tuesday – Sam’s 62nd Birthday.

In Vienna, Austria Livy wrote for Sam to Chatto & Windus [MTP].

Orion and Mollie Clemens wrote to Sam, offering birthday salutations and congratulations on Sam now being able to pay his debts, and on his new book, FE. He related that the book agent in Keokuk, one Smythe had 84 subscribers for it to date. J. Kaplan writes that Orion “was busy with a new literary scheme, a biography of Judas of Galilee, which would penetrate the mystery of the Essene sect known as the Society of the Dead Sea” [350; MTP]. Paine gives us Orion’s suggestion that Sam use him as a caricature:

I would fit in as a fool character, believing, what the Tennessee mountaineers predicted, that I would grow up to be a great man and go to Congress. I did not think it worth the trouble to be a common great man like Andy Johnson. I wouldn’t give a pinch of snuff, little as I needed it, to be anybody less than Napoleon. So when a farmer took my father’s offer for some chickens under advisement till the next day I said to myself, “Would Napoleon Bonaparte have taken under advisement till the next day an offer to sell him some chickens?” [1053]. Note: Sam wrote on the envelope, “Written 11 days before his death—his last letter. Preserve it.” Orion would die on Dec. 11.

DecemberA cartoon of Mark Twain by F. Graetz as “The American Diogenes” appeared on the cover of the December issue of Der Floh. The background scene includes politicians rioting, with Sam standing amidst the rubble and street pipes being installed, which he had complained of. See insert.

Sam’s notebook entry lists Ralph Keeler’s 1869 novel, Gloverson and His Silent Partners: “librarian had a copy” [NB 42 TS 50].

December 1 Wednesday – At the Metropole Hotel, Vienna, Austria, Livy wrote for Sam to Chatto & Windus, asking them to please forward an enclosed letter for Samuel McClure’s London office as Sam did not know the address [MTP].

December 2 Thursday – At the Metropole Hotel, Vienna, Austria, Livy wrote to Chatto & Windus, asking them to send her husband’s book which contained “the little farce ‘The Miesterschaft’” to Frau Hof Kapell -Meister Hans Richter, in Vienna. She also asked that the new Life of Lord Tennyson by his son be sent to Mrs. Langdon in Elmira ( Ida Langdon) [MTP]. Note: Hans Richter was the chief conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic. The Maestro lived in the same neighborhood as Clara’s piano teacher, Theodor Leschetizky. Richter

SLC used mourning border for most letters from Susy’s death on, then from Livy’s death on.